Adoption is the legal form of transferring a child to a family for upbringing based on a court decision, which results in personal non-property and property rights and obligations equated with the rights and obligations of relatives by origin. Find out more information about the adoption procedure and conditions in the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Foster care is a form of upbringing in which orphaned children, children left without parental care (parent) are transferred to foster care in families under an agreement concluded by a body performing the functions of guardianship or custodianship and a person who expressed a desire to take a child (children) for upbringing.
Guardianship is a legal form of protection of the rights and interests of children under the age of 14 and persons recognized by the court as legally incompetent.
Custodianship is a legal form of protection of the rights and interests of a child (children) aged from 14 to 18 years, as well as adults who are limited in legal capacity by the court due to alcohol and drugs abuse.
Thus, depending on a situation, it is worth thinking about an adoption, if you want to accept a child into the family and bear full responsibility for him/her, treat a child as if he/she is an own child and if you are ready that a child will acquire property rights. Moreover, you also undertake all the expenses on a child.
To a greater extent, guardianship and custodianship involve property rights, but this does not mean that a guardian or trustee should not take care of a child. The major differences between guardianship/custodianship from adoption are such aspects as limitation of legal capacity and age. In other words, it is assistance to those who, due to age or health, cannot live independently, protect their rights and dispose of property.
If you want to raise a child without acquiring kinship and property rights, then in this case it is worth thinking about a foster care. In this case, the relationship with a child is regulated by an agreement with a guardianship and custodianship authority and foster care is carried out on a on a paid-for basis and for a certain period. It means, that a person is not obliged to support a child at his/her own expense, moreover, such a person will also get a salary.
Foster care is suitable for many couples and families. Foster care gives the a child an opportunity to be brought up in a warm family atmosphere, and the foster carers take care of a child and cultivate better human qualities in him/her. It often happens that couples who do not have children, or whose children have grown up and live an independent life adopt children for foster care. Foster care is also a chance to fulfill one`s social duty by helping one child grow up in a favorable family environment.
The main advantage of foster care is that a child, getting into a family environment, receives an appropriate care and attention, acquires the experience of living in a family, skills of independent living. This format allows arranging the future of many children deprived of parental care. The main purpose of this format is socialization of a child and gaining experience of life in a family.
A foster carer is not employed into Education Departments or into organizations for orphans and children left without parental care, no employment order is issued.
Foster carers provide services for the maintenance, upbringing and training of a child transferred to him/her based on the agreement on transfer of children to foster care.