Development and functioning of the state (Kazakh) language Printable versionLast update: 09.04.2021
Some information about the national language...
The President of the Republic of Kazakhstan Kassym-Zhomart Tokayev announced on enhancement of the Kazakh language role: “The role of the Kazakh language as the national one will be enhanced. The time will come for it to become the language of interethnic communication”.
In 2019, implementation of the National Program for Development and Functioning of Languages in the Republic of Kazakhstan for 2011-2020 was completed.
The National Program for Implementation of Language Policy in the Republic of Kazakhstan for 2020 – 2025 was approved by the Decree of Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
The program`s objective is execution of balanced language policy aimed at modernization of the Kazakh language based on Latin alphabet, further increase of linguistic culture and development of linguistic capital and provision of comprehensive functioning of the Kazakh language.
The government is interested in teaching Kazakh to each citizen. Considerable sums are allocated to do this.
The Kazakh language courses
Today, 99 national centers offering free-of-charge courses function in all the regions. Civil officers, employees of budget organizations, the unemployed, senior citizens, housewives and citizens, who moved to the Republic of Kazakhstan for permanent residence can study at the centers. It should be noted that the courses are designed for adults.
In 2019, 70.757 people completed the Kazakh language courses in the centers. To implement new information technologies into the training process, a number of centers conduct the courses online. For those who want to learn the national language by themselves, there is a web-service available called “Til-Kural”. All in all, over 20 similar portals were created under the National Program.
The level of the Kazakh language proficiency is determined by KAZTEST system. In the period 2013 to 2019, 364.290 people had been taken the test. In 2019, the test was taken by 38.461 people, among whom there were 15.835 civil officers and 18.647 employees of organizations delivering public services. One can check his/her proficiency level in the Kazakh language on the official website: www.kazakhtest.kz.
Activities aimed at development of the national language
Pursuant to the action plan of the National Program, republican competitions such as “The National Language and Mass Media”, “Til Sheberi”, “Tildaryn”, competitions for dramatic recitals named after Abai, Days of Turkic and Slavic writings and culture and other various events are organized annually.
Remote teaching of the Kazakh language
There are websites available that were created to expand the field of the Kazakh language application: “Tilalemi.kz: portal, “Atau.kz” onomastic database, “Emle.kz” orthographic database, “Тermincom.kz” database, “Tilmedia.kz” trilingual website, “Balatili.kz” website for children, web-services to learn the national language: “Til-Kural” and “Qujat.kz” that also provide instructions on how to fill in industry documents in Kazakh correctly. The “Sozdikqor.kz” portal was created that has a capability to search for words and expressions, obsolete words and loan words, new words in various specialized dictionaries and encyclopedias with explanations. In 2019, the number of words in the database exceeded the amount of 400 thousand units.
How new words appear in the Kazakh language?
New words receive the status of official ones only after approval by the Republican Terminological Commission under the Government of the RoK. Pursuant to the National Program of the Terminological Commission, 2700 terms were approved in 2019. To date, the structured terminology fund approved by the Commission contains 27.000 terms.
An electronic platform was launched based on the Теrmincom.кz website, which informs citizens on condition of terminology and basic principles of term formation. Also, an open electronic platform was created to discuss the terms with population. There are 18 specialized terminological sections established under the Republican Terminological Commission.