Adoption is the lеgal form of transferring a child to be raised in a family on the basis of a court decision, as a result of which personal non-property and property rights and obligations equal to the rights and duties of relatives by origin. Find out more about the procedure and conditions for adoption in the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Foster care is a form of upbringing in which orphans, children left without parental care, are transferred to foster care in families under a contract concluded by the body that carries out the functions of guardianship or trusteeship and a person who has expressed a desire to take the child(children) for upbringing.
Guardianship is a legal form of protection of the rights and interests of children under the age of 14 and those recognized as legally incompetent by the court.
Trusteeship is a legal form of protection of the rights and interests of a child (children) aged between 14 and 18 years, as well as adults who are restricted by the court due to abuse of alcoholic beverages or narcotic drugs.
Thus, depending on the situation, it is necessary to understand that if you want to take the child into the family and bear full responsibility for him/her, as if the child were blood relatives, protect his/her rights and be ready to acquire their property rights in the future, then it's worth stopping on adoption. At the same time, you also incur all expenses.
Relations with the child in this case are regulated by an agreement with the guardianship and trusteeship authority, and patronage is carried out on a reimbursable basis and for a certain period. The main difference between guardianship and trusteeship from adoption are aspects of disability and age. In other words, it is help to those who by virtue of their age or health can not live on their own, protect their rights and dispose of property.
If you think it is more acceptable to raise a child without gaining kinship and property rights, then in this case it is necessary to choose foster care. Relations with the child in this case are regulated by an agreement with the guardianship and trusteeship authority, and foster care is carried out on a reimbursable basis and for a certain period. At the same time, you are not obliged to support the child at your own expense; moreover, you will also be paid salaries.
Foster care of children is suitable for many couples and families. Foster care enables the child to be brought up in a warm family atmosphere, and foster caregivers take care of the child and nurture in him better human qualities. It is not uncommon to adopt children under foster care for couples who do not have children, or whose children have already grown up and live an independent life. Foster care is also a chance to fulfill a social duty, helping to grow one child in a favorable family environment.
The main advantage of the foster care is that the child, getting to the family environment, receives a full-fledged care and attention, acquires the experience of living in the family, the skills of independent living. This form makes it quite possible to plan the future fate of many children deprived of parental care. The main goal of this form is the socialization of the child, the acquisition of the experience of living in the family.