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What to do while fire breaking-out Printable version

Last update: 10.04.2024

What to do if a fire starts

  • Cover your mouth and nose with any cloth, preferably wet
  • Get away from a fire
  • Do not use an elevator
  • Do not hit the windows to prevent the access of excess oxygen
  • Do not try to extinguish flammable liquids (gasoline, kerosene) and connected electrical appliances using water

Indoors, in a high-rise building, in public places

  • If a fire outbreak is small, try to cope with the fire yourself using all the available means: fire extinguishers, any dense fabric, sand, earth from flower pots, water, etc.
  • If an electrical wiring insulation burns, disconnect the power grid in a shield
  • Immediately report an incident to neighbors or employees in other offices and initiate evacuation
  • Disconnect the electrical equipment
  • If possible, leave a premise and close the doors
  • Help children and elderly people to go outside
  • If there is smoke in the entrance or corridor, move to the exit by crawling
  • Get to a safe place
  • If it is not possible to leave a premise by using the stairs, seal an entrance door from the inside using a wet cloth so that smoke does not penetrate, then go out to the balcony and wait for the arrival of the fire service
  • Close the windows and doors so that a draft won`t intensify a fire

In a vehicle or public transport

  • Immediately inform a driver about the fire
  • Stop a vehicle, turn off the engine, put on the brake
  • Leave a vehicle. To do it in public transport, use emergency hatches and side windows
  • Try to extinguish the fire using a fire extinguisher, sand or snow before the arrival of firefighters
  • If there is a fire in the hood, do not open it without a fire extinguisher in your hands (an influx of oxygen during the opening will increase the flame)
  • Move away from a vehicle, as a fuel tank may explode

In the steppe or forest

  • Try to extinguish the fire using dense material, earth, sand, knock down the flame with a bunch of twigs or branches of broad-leaf trees, pour water, etc.
  • After putting out the fire, do not leave until you are sure that the fire has not flared up again
  • If the fire is strong, move away from it, moving perpendicular to the direction of its spread
  • If it is impossible to leave, and there is a pond nearby, enter it and cover yourself with wet clothes
  • In an open space, bend down to the ground, where the air is less smoky

What should I tell an operator when calling 101 or 112?

  • Address of fire or inflammation
  • The object of fire (in the yard, in an apartment, in a warehouse, etc)
  • What exactly is burning (TV, furniture,etc)
  • If necessary, number of an entrance/apartment, number of floors in a building and a floor where a fire started, what is the most convenient route to a place, an entrance code to a territory, etc.
  • Surname and phone number.

Speak clearly and calmly!

When detecting the first signs of a fire and a smell of smoke, call a fire department by dialing 101 or the rescue service by dialing 112

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