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Employment in Kazakhstan Printable version

Last update: 27.09.2021

How to search for a job on one`s own  

There are several options for job search that can be used simultaneously:

  • via friends and acquaintances;
  • via websites for job search;
  • via advertisements and communities in social media;
  • via Employment Centers.

Searching for job via friends and acquaintances

When you already have a certain experience, skills and achievements then most certainly you have friends, acquaintances, current or former colleagues who can recommend you or at least provide information on availability of a relevant vacancy. A lot depends on solid recommendation during employment. 

Do not neglect the option even if you do not have experience, for instance, if you are a University graduate or even a student. If you comply with minimal requirements to a vacancy and also have a recommendation from acquaintances then chances of employment increase.     

Searching for job via recruiting websites

This is a standard option for job search. Popular recruiting websites are convenient, efficient and yield the results for both labour market parties, i.e. applicants and employers.    

Basic idea of such like websites is almost identical.  

  1. You need to register and fill in information about yourself which is then transferred into a readable CV for employers;
  2. Majority of HR managers publish vacancy announcements at recruiting websites and usually closely follow responses from applicants. You need to make it a habit to regularly monitor lists of vacancies, read them attentively and response to them using special tools available on a website or if possible, contact a recruiter directly.   

The list of recruiting websites popular in Kazakhstan

enbek.kz

hh.kz

market.kz

olx.kz

Searching for job via advertisements and communities in social media

If you are active in social media, you can publish an advertisement and ask your followers to distribute it, so that it possibly can reach potential employers.  At the same time, note that the way you maintain your account and which content you publish will directly affect the first impression about you as a person and potential employee.  

Also, there are a variety of communities devoted to job search in social media, which can be divided by certain areas and regions. Recent vacancies from various companies as well as advertisements by applicants can be published there. Join the communities and regularly review them.  If you search for a job in a field-specific area then using the option you can find one.  

Visiting Employment Center

If the above options came to nothing, visit an Employment Center to register as a job-seeker. This can be done via an online service: 

Registration of job-seekers

Documents to be submitted at an Employment Center:

– Application;

– National ID;

– Employment record (if available);

– Education certificate (if available).

When being registered as a job-seeker, Employment Center employees will publish your CV on the State Labour Exchange website (enbek.kz) and in case of a relevant vacancy they will provide you with a referral.

In case if you won’t get a job or it doesn’t suit you due to objective reasons then an Employment Center employees will continue searching for other options for you. 

“With diploma-to the village” State Program

Not all graduates can find a job immediately after graduation. Employers are usually interested in hiring experienced employees. In such cases, the state program called “With diploma-to the village” comes to help.  

The program is intended for students majoring in:

  • education;
  • healthcare;
  • social assistance;
  • culture and sport;
  • veterinary medicine.

The state offers jobs in rural area and provides a social assistance which includes:

  • provision of one-time relocation allowance in the amount of KZT 70 MCI;
  • provision of publicly funded loan for acquisition and construction of housing for a period of 15 years in the amount  of 1500 MCI with remuneration rate of 0.01%;
  • increase of salary for no less than 25% out of tariff rates (in urban localities) to specialists working in social welfare institutions located in rural localities.    

The following is required for participation the program:

  • find a job in a selected locality (rural school, hospital, community center, sports facilities, etc.);
  • when applying for a job, an applicant submits an application to participate in the program to a district commission;
  • in the absence of opportunity to find a job you can apply to the Ministry of Agriculture of RK or to authorized employees in the regions;
  • data on demand for specialists in the regions is published on the websites of regional akimats.

A specialist concluding a contract under the program undertakes a liability to work in rural area for no less than 3 years.

How to participate in the program

Select a locality in the rural area of the Republic of Kazakhstan and find a job there (rural school, hospital, community center, sports facilities, etc.).  In the absence of opportunity to find a job you can apply to regional akimats. You can find vacancies on the websites of akimats.

Then you need to visit a regional akimat or akimat of a city of regional significance and submit an application stating that you want to participate in the Project. Your application will be forwarded to a special committee which in its turn will consider the documents and make a decision.   

Required documents

To get a relocation allowance:

  • application;
  • copy of national ID;
  • copy of diploma;
  • copy of an employment record certified by HR Department at a new place of work;
  • statement of residence certifying residence in a relevant locality;
  • data on a previous place of residence from migration service.

To get a publicly funded loan for housing acquisition the following should also be submitted:

  • evaluation report for acquired immovable property;
  • copy of marriage certificate (if married);
  • statement on availability (non-availability) of immovable property for a specialist, his(her) spouse and children in a selected rural area.

To get a publicly funded loan for housing construction the following should also be submitted:

  • act for the right to use a land plot for housing construction issued to the name of a specialist;
  • evaluation report for pledged property;
  • insurance contract for pledged property;
  • written consent for co-financing of part of housing construction that exceeds an amount of granted loan;
  • copy of marriage certificate (if married).

To certify authenticity of documents, original copies are provided as well. Other documents not mentioned above cannot be requested from a candidate.  

State program for development of efficient employment and mass entrepreneurship in 2017-2021

The goal of program for development of efficient employment and mass entrepreneurship is assistance in productive employment and involvement of citizens into entrepreneurship.    

Participants of the Program are the youth in the age of 29 years, unemployed and self-employed.

One of the Program areas involves enhancement of targeted support in employment of certain categories of citizens, increase of labour mobility and development of labour market infrastructure.

The following opportunities are provided to the Program participants under the area:

  • hiring for the vacancies existing in the database;
  • hiring for temporary vacancies.

Social jobs

When distributing jobs, note that such jobs involve partial funding on the part of state for more than 12 months with respect to all the relevant deductions.   

Monthly amount of subsidies for salary of the Program participants hired to social jobs, inclusive of taxes, statutory social deductions and compensations for an unused annual leave without payments for ecological increments is 35% from    a fixed amount of salary but no more than a minimum salary set by the law on the budget for a relevant financial year.

Youth apprenticeship

Youth apprenticeship is arranged for graduates of educational organizations so that they can get an initial experience in a chosen profession (speciality). Amount of salary for individuals sent to youth apprenticeship is 25 MCI per month, which is allocated from the republican budget.

Community service

Community service is arranged by Employment Centers to provide the unemployed with temporary employment.  The service does not require provisional   professional training and is funded within the funds of local budget and employers based on requests.   

The following categories have the right to participate in community service:

  1. unemployed;
  2. students and pupils of senior classes of comprehensive schools in the period of summer holidays;
  3. individuals without work due to downtime.

To take part in social jobs, youth apprenticeship or community service, one needs to submit the following documents to an Employment Center:

  • application for participation;
  • copy of ID document;
  • copy of document certifying registration at the place of permanent residence (statement of residence, statement issued by a rural akim);
  • copy of employment record (if available);
  • copies of educational documents (secondary school certificate, diploma), and also documents certifying undergoing of training (certificate) if available;
  • copy of document certifying availability of technical and professional, postsecondary, higher and postgraduate education;
  • act issued by an employer on transfer to part-time work or shorter working hours or on provision of social leave or on forced downtime or on an unpaid leave (for part-time employees);
  • statement from an education institution certifying being on holidays.

Which documents one needs to provide?

After a successful interview and if an employer hires you, you need to gather a standard package of documents for conclusion of a labour agreement.

Labour agreement is a written agreement between an employer and candidate pursuant to which an employer undertakes to provide an employee with a certain job, ensure working conditions and pay a salary in a timely manner to the full extent, while an employee undertakes to do the work and observe the internal policies and procedures.

Labour agreement is drawn up in two copies, each of which is signed by both parties. One copy is given to you and another is kept by an employer.

Documents required for conclusion of labour agreement:

  • national ID and passport (certificate of birth for individuals under 16 years old);
  • residence permit or stateless person certificate for foreigners and stateless individuals residing on the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan;
  • document certifying education, qualification, availability of special skills or professional training for conclusion of labour agreement for a job that requires specific knowledge and skills;
  • document certifying professional experience (for individuals having track record);
  • document on undergoing of preliminary medical examination (medical certificate in 086-У form).

In some cases you might be asked to submit a statement of no criminal record. It can be obtained online.

Issuance of statement of no criminal record

What should the disabled know?  

A disabled individual is a person having a health condition affecting body functions caused by diseases, traumas, their consequences, defects that lead to physical dysfunction and necessity for social protection.     

The employment field provides the disabled with the right to select a form of activity, including labour activities, and also the right for professional training and re-training, vocational rehabilitation and employment.

Pursuant to subclause 6) of Article 9 of the Law “On Public Employment”, local executive bodies ensure implementation of the state policy in the field of public employment by fixing up quota of vacancies for the disabled in the amount from 2% to 4% from the number of available jobs, excluding physically demanding jobs, harmful and hazardous jobs.

The quota is fixed by local executive bodies based on the following workforce:

  • from 50 to 100 people: in the amount of 2% from workforce;
  • from 101 to 250 people: in the amount of 3% from workforce;
  • over 251 people: in the amount of 4% from workforce.

However, a quota is not fixed for public associations of the disabled, and also for organizations where number of the disabled is over 20% based on average annual number of employees.

If localities do not have unemployed disabled individuals of working age, who do not have medical contraindications for labour activities then no quota is provided for organizations located in such localities.

The quota does not cover retirement age individuals.

Under the program for development of efficient employment and mass entrepreneurship in 2017-2021, disabled individuals along with other vulnerable citizens have a priority right to undergo short-term training courses for high-demand specialities, to learn entrepreneurship basics under “Bastau Business” project, to get micro loans and grants for implementation of business ideas in the amount of 200 monthly calculation index on a non-reimbursable basis, and also to get hired to public, social and vacant jobs.

To participate in the Program, one needs to visit an Employment Center at the place of residence. 

What you should know if you are dismissed or made redundant?

Pursuant to Article 131 of the Labour Code of RK, an employer makes compensatory payments in case of job loss in the amount of average salary per month when terminating an employment agreement at the initiative of employer due to liquidation; terminating an employment agreement at the initiative of employer due to downsizing; terminating an employment agreement at the initiative of employee due to failure of an employer to perform a labour agreement conditions.  

An employer makes compensatory payments in case of job loss in the amount of average salary for two months when terminating an employment agreement at the initiative of employer due to decline in volumes of production, works and services that entail deterioration of an employer`s economic status.  

According to Article 96 of the Labour Code of RK, an employee who hasn’t used paid annual labour leave or used only a part of it, get a compensatory payment for the unused days of paid annual labour leave which is calculated at a rate of average salary of an employee.  

Welfare benefits in case of job loss

Welfare benefit in case of job loss is assigned from the date when a statutory social insurance system participant applied to an Employment Center to be registered as unemployed.

To get a status of unemployed, you should first register as a job-seeker as described in step 1.

Then, within ten working days from the date of registration, an Employment Center assists you in finding a job. Upon expiry of ten calendar days from the date of registration as a job-seeker, an Employment Center forwards your documents to a local authority on the issues of employment for your registration as an unemployed.

In its turn, a local authority on the issues of employment makes a decision on your registration as an unemployed within two working days.
Afterwards, you can get a statement of registration as unemployed valid for 30 calendar days in an Employment Center. 

After completion of all the procedures, you can submit a request to an Employment Center for assignment of welfare benefit in case of job loss.

Required documents

  1. National ID;
  2. Excerpt from an employer`s act certifying termination of labour relations due to the following reasons: a company`s liquidation, downsizing, decline     in volumes of production, works and services that entail deterioration of an employer`s economic status.
  3. Statement of residence;
  4. Statement of registration as an unemployed;
  5. Bank account number.

You can submit a request for welfare benefit by visiting “Government for Citizens” Public Corporation or using an online service (if there is data available on registration as an unemployed).

Assignment of payments in case of social risks: job loss

The online service is available to individuals, excluding those who lost a job due to a company`s liquidation, downsizing, decline in volumes of production, works and services that entail deterioration of an employer`s economic status.

Payment amounts

Individually calculated sum at a rate of average salary for 2 years is divided into 24 months and a received amount is multiplied by a coefficient of 0.3.

A welfare benefit in case of job loss is assigned to a statutory social insurance system participant for whom social deductions were made:

  • for 1 month: in case, when social deductions were made from 6 to 12 months;
  • for 2 months: in case, when social deductions were made from 12 to 24 months;
  • for 3 months: in case, when social deductions were made from 24 to 36 months;
  • for 4 months: in case, when social deductions were made from 36 and more months;
  • for 6 months: in case, when social deductions for an individual who lost a job due to a company`s liquidation, downsizing, deterioration of an employer`s economic status were made from 36 and more months.
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